health expenditure: Government health expenditure fell from 1.35 pc of GDP in 2017-18 to 1.28 pc in 2018-19

According to data released on Monday, the government‘s health spending as a percentage of GDP fell from 1.35 in 2017-18 to 1.28 the following year.

Whereas the Centre‘s share of the overall government health expenditure fell to 34.3 percent in 2018-19, from 40.8 percent the previous year, the states’ figure grew from 59.2 percent to 65.7 percent during the same period, according to the most recent national health projections.

During the same time period, out-of-pocket spending as a percentage of total health spending fell from 48.8 to 48.2. Nevertheless, when tried to compare to 2013-14 figures, out-of-pocket health expenditure lowered by 16 percentage points from 64.2 percent.

Out-of-pocket expenses are expenses incurred directly by households at the time of receiving healthcare. This reflects the level of financial protection available to families for medical costs.

Total health expenditure dropped to 3.2 percent of GDP in 2018-19, the most recent year for which data is available, from 3.3 percent the previous year and 4 percent in 2013-14.

Health expenditure includes current and capital expenditures incurred by the government and private sectors, as well as external funds. As a percentage of the GDP, it indicates the spending on health care relative to a country’s economic development.

However, total health expenditure per capita, or health expenditure per person in the country, increased to Rs 4,470 in 2018-19, up from Rs 4,297 the previous year and Rs 3,638 in 2013-14.

The social safety net for healthcare expenditure increased from 6 per cent in 2013-14 to 9.6 per cent in 2018-2019.

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